Tuesday, February 1, 2011

Pulpal Regeneration - More Evidence

In previous posts regarding pulpal regeneration, we have shown not only apical closure, but some dentinal bridging coronal to the apex. While difficult to believe, we have also seen teeth become responsive once again to electric pulp testing. The tissue that forms during pulpal regeneration has been described as "pulp-like", which includes some kind of innervation.

The following case was re-evaluated at 1 year using CBCT. The ability to evaluate apical closure in 3 dimensions is a new way of evaluating success of apexification/apexigenesis/regenerative procedures.

The following case was previously reported and includes the CBCT follow up.

Apical closure at 6 months is noted in regular films.

1 yr recall using CBCT not only shows the apical closure, but coronal bridging under the MTA barrier. In this case a collagen plug was placed prior to MTA. This accounts for the space between the MTA and the new dentinal bridging.

A sagittal view of the tooth also shows complete apical closure as well as coronal dentinal bridging. In this particular case, the MTA plug was not placed deep enough below the enamel and staining occurred, despite using white MTA.

The teeth responded to electric pulp testing with the following readings
#7 - 31 & 36
#8 - 42 &38
#9 - 29
#10 - 28

We recently completed internal bleaching. We removed the MTA down to the layer of collagen plug. Staining noted at the WMTA-dentin barrier. We mechanically removed as much of stain as possible, placed a new coronal barrier and then bleached with the Ultradent endodontic bleaching product. The tooth now looks great. (Sorry no photos on this part)


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Anonymous said...

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